August 17, 2017 Taos, New Mexico

The Harwood Museum of Art

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Saturday, October 8, 2016 - Sunday, May 21, 2017

Continuum: Sermo Humilis

Gallery: Hispanic Traditions Gallery
Victor Goler, Doña Sebastiana, 2006, painted wood carving, 10.5 x 10 x 8 in.
Click an image to enlarge or view slideshow

 

The thousand-year history of Taos Pueblo has shaped its unique northern New Mexico cultural traditions. And with the arrival in 1540 of Spanish soldiers and Franciscan missionaries in Taos Valley and the establishment of the Spanish village in 1615, the Hispanic settlers would adapt their own religious and artistic legacy to create a local culture embodied in the painted santos and carved bultos.

The aesthetic core of that tradition traces to the Christian “sermo humilis”—the humble or low style—which merged in late antiquity with the Greco-Roman “sermo sublimis”—the elevated or grave style—in early Christian art and literature, to dominate spiritual expression in the Middle Ages and even later (especially in Spain): At the beginning of the thirteenth century there appears in Italy a man who embodies, in exemplary fashion, … the mixture of ecstatically sublime immersion in God and humbly concrete everydayness. … He is Saint Francis of Assisi. … Self-surrendering and meditative mystic though he himself was, the decisive thing for him and his companions was living among the people, living among the lowliest as the lowliest and most despised of them all. (Erich Auerbach, Mimesis, p. 151 ff.)

And it was the Franciscans accompanying the Spanish settlers who would inform Taos Hispanic culture with this aesthetic of the “sermo humilis,” embodied in Francis of Assisi, the patron saint of Santa Fe and arguably the saint who most frequently depicted in the northern New Mexico santero tradition.

Exhibition list of Continuum in the Hispanic Traditions gallery:

1   Unknown Artist
San Jose. Santo Nino Santero, 1850
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0150.0000
 
2    José Rafael Aragón

San Jose, 1840s
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0152.0000

 3   José Rafael Aragón

San Jose, 1840s
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0144.0000

4   José Rafael Aragón

San Jose, 1840s
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0188.0000

5   Santero Laguna
San Jose, c. 1875
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0127.0000

6   Jose Benito Ortega
Nuestra Señora c. 1890
Carved wood with gessoed cloth and polychrome
Anonymous Gift
1996.0090.0000

7   Luis Tapia
Nuestra Señora de Soledad, c.1990
Painted wood
Gift of Lynn Steuer
2000.0016.0000

8  José Rafael Aragón

N.S. del Refugio de los Pecadores (Pescadores),  c. 1840
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0140.0000

9  Catherine Robles-Shaw
Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe, 1996
Painted wood
Museum Purchase
1997.0001.0000

10  Antonio Molleno
N. Señora de las Candelarias, c. 1820
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0187.0000

11  Gustavo Victor Goler
Our Lady of All Nations, 2012
Carved and painted wood
Gift of Alfred J. Walker
2013.0073.0000

12  Pedro Fresquís

Guadalupe, c. 1800
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0107.0000

13  Anonymous Artist
Holy Family, c. 1850
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0170.0000

14    José Rafael Aragón
Trinity (La Santisima Trinidad), c. 1840
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0108.0000

15  Jose Armijo

La Sagrada Familia, 1998
Painted wood
Museum Purchase
1998.0029.0000

16  José Rafael Aragón

La Santa Familia, c. 1845
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0174.0000

17  José Rafael Aragón
San Ignacio de Loyola, c. 1875
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0121.0000

18   Nicholas Herrera

Mi Vida de 25, 2000
Wood, mixed media
Gift of Harwood Museum Alliance
2000.0055.0000

19   Anonymous Artist

St. Stephen- Framed Card, c. 1875
Tin, stripped wallpaper and glass
Gift of Elizabeth Compton Hegemann
1980.0007.0000

20   Unknown Artist
Candle Sconce, Valencia Red & Green Tinsmith, c. 1875
Tin and mixed media
Gift of Elizabeth Compton Hegemann                                                                                                                               
1980.0016.0000

21   Anonymous Artist
Nicho, c. 1895
Tin and glass
Gift of Elizabeth Compton Hegemann
1980.0015.0000

22   Unknown Artist
Cross Rio Abajo Workshop, 1875
Tin and mixed media
Gift of Elizabeth Compton Hegemann
1980.0018.0000

23  Anita Romero-Jones
Altarpiece, 1992
Tin and paint
Museum Purchase
1994.0001.0000

24   Unknown Artist
San Lucas - Framed Card, Valencia Red & Green Tinsmith, c. 1875
Tin and mixed media
Gift of Elizabeth Compton Hegemann
1980.0013.0000

25  Jose Maria Apodaca
Nicho with frame and
watercolor, c. 1910
Tin and mixed media
Gift of Elizabeth Compton Hegemann
1980.0001.0000

26  Unknown Artist
Tin Nicho, n.d.
Tin
Gift of Elizabeth Compton Hegemann

27  Pedro Fresquís
San Antonio and Niño, c. 1800
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0124.0000

28  Unknown Artist
Nicho, Santa Fe Federal, c. 1865
Tin and mixed media
Gift of Elizabeth Compton Hegemann                        
1980.0003.0000

29  Unknown Artist
St. Matthew - Framed Card, Valencia Red & Green Tinsmith, c. 1885
Tin and mixed media
Gift of Elizabeth Compton Hegemann
1980.0012.0000

30  Felix Lopez

 San Juan Nepomuceno, 1988
 Painted wood
 Bequest of Wallace Bacon
 T2007-101(2)

31 Ernie Lujan
San Miguel Arcangel, 1994
Carved painted wood
Gift of James and Margie Krebs
2008.0007.0001

32  Antonio Molleno
San Miguel, c. 1820
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0173.0000

33  Patrociño Barela
Untitled (The Good Shepherd), 1949
Wood
Gift of Nancy Lipsett
2002.0005.0000

34 Patrociño Barela

Prayer, c. 1940
Painted wood
Gift of Lynn Steuer
2000.0016.0000
           
35  Patrociño Barela
Bulto,  c. 1940
Painted wood
Gift of WPA
1980.0058.0000

36  Patrociño Barela
Bulto- Heavy Thinker,  c. 1940
Wood
Gift of WPA
1980.0033.0000

37  George Lopez

San Rafael, c. 1990
Wood
Gift of Ernest Ziegfeld
2004.0086.0000

38  Carlos Barela
Moses, 1996
Carved juniper wood
Museum Purchase
1996.0006.0000

39  Leo Salazar
St. Anthony, c. 1970
Wood
Gift of Esla Henschke
in memory of Jane Adair
1994.0037.0000

40 Luis B. Barela

Cristo Crusificado con Maria y Jose a Sus Pies (Crucified Christ with Mary and Joseph at His Feet), 1995
Carved juniper wood
Museum Purchase
1996.0005.0000

 41 Max Roybal
Doña Sebastiana, c. 1980
Wood Construction
Gift of John & Faye Abrams
1998.0051.0000

42 Gustavo Victor Goler

Doña Sebastiana, 2006
Painted wood carving
The Harwood Museum of Art, Partial gift of Alfred J. Walker with purchase funds from Alyce Frank, the Harwood Museum Alliance, Raymond Bal & Elizabeth Kay, Brad & Fran Taylor, Gary and Barbara DeVane, and Palacio de Marquesa.
2014.0084.0000

43 Unknown Artist
Doña Sebastiana, n.d.
Wood Construction
T2016.14

44 Anonymous
Jesus of Nazareth, c. 1850
Carved painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0203.0000

45  Jose Benito Ortega
Jesus Nazareno, c. 1900
Carved wood
Museum Purchase
1996.0012.0000

46 Pedro Fresquís
Christ Crucified and the Souls in Purgatory, c. 1800
Painted wood
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0156.0000

47  Arthur Lopez

El Salvador del Mundo (Saviour of the World),  2006
Painted wood
Purchase made possible by Gus Foster
2006.0003.0000

48  Anonymous
Cross, c. 1850
Wood, straw
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0206.000

49  Dorothy Benrimo
Cross, c. 1950
Wooden cross, straw
Gift of Mandelman-Ribak Foundation
2011.0009.0000

50  Anonymous
Cristo, c. 1875
Painted wood and cloth
Gift of Mabel Dodge Luhan
1980.0120.0000